There are many great benefits to being a Maverick Insider. The roads sector has been facing many funding and skills challenges which have all contributed to the backlog. Table 1: Inherited and recently achieved water infrastructure backlog - population. 512-540. At its core is the ‘Leave No One Behind’ (LNOB) principle. The Accelerated Schools Infrastructure Development Initiative (ASIDI) is one the programmes introduced by government to address this backlog. Since 1994, South Africa has achieved major reductions in water backlog with consequent improvement in access to water infrastructure delivery. Agenda 2030 on Sustainable Development, adopted by UN member states in September 2015. A rural area is an area that is not classified as urban. South Africa is peering over the edge of a fiscal cliff with no easy way down. Transport Minister Fikile Mbalula has revealed that South Africa has a backlog of 320,000 driving licence, with demand growing by 90,000 each month. The current national water infrastructure backlog is 13.01% (Figure.2). why is fetching water considered a ‘woman’s job’? Thus, infrastructure provision for rural provinces like of EC, KZN, LP, MP and NW is observed to be lower than that of highly urbanised provinces like GP and WC provinces (Figure 3). Chola L. Michalow, J. Tugendaft A., Hofman, K. (2015). electricity and telecommunications infrastructure. The distribution of the water infrastructure backlog (with households as the unit of observation) across Water Service Authorities is shown in the Appendix. There are many reasons for this state of affairs, but the haemorrhaging of technical and financial engineering skills from the public sector has certainly contributed to the dire state of public infrastructure. Of this 27%, 17% constitutes leaks in municipal water systems, and … The April 2019 water infrastructure data indicate significant provincial infrastructure delivery disparities. 39 No. Select which newsletters you'd like to receive, Kgosientso Ramokgopa (Photo: Flickr/Open Government Partnership). 3. However, as the 2019 National Education Infrastructure Management System (NEIMS) report shows, this access is unreliable. Since 1994, South Africa has achieved major reductions in water backlog with consequent improvement in access to water infrastructure delivery. https://yourstory.com/2016/08/water-cisis-unicef. Within this context South Africa suffers from a disparate distribution of infrastructure ranging from established and maintained urban and industrial areas such as Gauteng through tothe challenges prevailing in the Eastern Cape. Towns near Fukushima are now being plagued by hordes of rampaging radioactive wild boars. 5. The meeting resulted in two critical outcomes. City Power takes on infrastructure backlog one street light at a time Liesl Frankson | Feb 7, 2018 In an effort to combat the R19 billion infrastructure backlog City Power is conducting numerous street light installation and maintenance projects throughout the City. World Health Organization (2019) https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/drinking-water). Infrastructure plays andimportant role in the social and economic development of communities. These include Eastern Cape (EC), KwaZulu-Natal (KZN), Limpopo (LP), Mpumalanga (MP) and the North West (NW) (Table 1). This is socio-economic or spatial inequality. L Geere, L., Hunter PR, Jagals, P. (2015). The distribution is highly skewed. Funding models for financing water infrastructure in South Africa: Framework and critical analysis of alternatives. All these projects complement the Free Trade Area (FTA) discussions to create a market of 600 million people in South, Central and East Africa. The unintended consequence of this, Ramaphosa said – and the Public Finance Management Act is just one example – is that terrible delays in decision-making occur. Where infrastructure is not maintained it has a huge impact on the ordinary lives of people – water is an example.”. The R8.2 billion public-private programme aims to eradicate the 496 mud schools in the country, provide water and sanitation to 1 257 schools and electricity to 878 schools by March 2016. They were there to talk about infrastructure and, more specifically, how to intensify infrastructure investment in South Africa. Nhlanhla Mnisi says since 1994, SA has achieved major reductions in backlogs, https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/19901SDG6_SR2018_web_3.pdf, https://www.wsp.org/sites/wsp/files/publications/CSO-SouthAfrica.pdf, https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/drinking-water, https://www.un-ihe.org/stories/why-fetching-water-considered-%E2%80%98woman%E2%80%99s-job%E2%80%99, https://yourstory.com/2016/08/water-cisis-unicef, https://undg.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/Interim-Draft-Operational-Guide-on-LNOB-for-UNCTs.pdf, Moral Laws (II): Sex Work – The arguments. In 2014 EE and the EE Law Centre raised a number of concerns with the Department of Basic Education (DBE), relating to the vague … Pretoria - The Department of Human Settlements wants R26 million over the next three years to address the country's backlog in water and waste water treatment works infrastructure. Water Alternatives. It is a big task. Appendix: Water Infrastructure backlog by Water Service Authority, Box and whisker plotPercentage of households in backlog. “This is a picture I’m determined we should correct immediately,” he said. Click here to see other benefits and to sign-up to our reader community supporting quality, independent journalism. Women, girls across the world spend 200mm hours daily collecting water. “This expertise will be deployed so that when we go into the symposium, we will have shovel-ready projects to show to the financiers.”. National water infrastructure delivery inequalities subject vulnerable individuals and communities to unimproved and contaminated sources of drinking water. For instance, highly urbanised provinces such as Gauteng (GP) and the Western Cape (WC) have over the past 25 years managed to reduce the water infrastructure backlog to less than 2% of the population. Human settlements includes public housing to households and bulk infrastructure amounting to R57.5 billion over the MTEF period 2. Despite major overall national improvement, water backlog remains relatively high in predominantly rural provinces. 1. There are many places to start, but tackling the infrastructure backlog as a means to kick-start the economy is one way. So it was that on Tuesday President Cyril Ramaphosa brought together a high powered group that included the heads of SA’s four big banks, the heads of multilateral development banks like the World Bank and International Finance Corporation, and DFIs like the German Development Bank and the African Development Bank Group at Tuynhuys, the Cape Town office of the Presidency. Figure 3: State of access to water infrastructure delivery per province. Water and sanitation SIP SIP 18: Water and sanitation infrastructure. United Nations (2018) Sustainable Development Goal 6 Synthesis Report on Water and Sanitation, page 11, URL: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/19901SDG6_SR2018_web_3.pdf). A paradox of sorts exists in the South African construction sector, as seen in the collapse of large construction firms, yet there is a housing backlog amounting to around 2.3-million units. These include a reduction of R336 million from the school infrastructure backlog grants, R240 million from the National Health Insurance fund and R273 million … For South Africa to conform to this principle, it is imperative that water infrastructure investment should prioritise provinces with high water backlogs, low access to water infrastructure delivery and rural areas in particular. Time spent fetching water and fuel reduces the time that can be devoted to generating livelihoods or in remunerated work . The meeting followed Ramaphosa’s restatement in this year’s State of the Nation Address that infrastructure development is front and centre of government’s growth and job creation agenda and follows months of behind the scenes work by the Presidency, National Treasury, the Department of Public Enterprises and the Department of Public Works and Infrastructure. However, a rural-urban divide persists. Now we must make this process unfold… not in years to come but now,” he says. Speaking to ENCA, Mbalula said this backlog … For instance, the cost to eradicate South Africa’s road maintenance backlog alone has more than doubled to R416-billion since 2013. Ruiters, C. (2013). This raises the question whether the economy is strong enough to sustain national infrastructure demands and necessary delivery. Infrastructure quality is as important as its quantity, although evidence point to lost growth opportunities due to insufficient investment in maintenance of new and existing infrastructure. The private sector organisations present, which, aside from the banks, included the Consulting Engineers of SA and Business Unity SA, have agreed to help government recreate the capacity that has been lost in terms of technical and financial engineering capacity. 11. 4. https://undg.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/Interim-Draft-Operational-Guide-on-LNOB-for-UNCTs.pdf. While the median value of the backlog is below 5%, 10% of water services authorities have backlogs above 25%. https://www.un-ihe.org/stories/why-fetching-water-considered-%E2%80%98woman%E2%80%99s-job%E2%80%99. Of all the places to start, it’s not the worst. The overall housing backlog is currently in excess of 550,000 across the Western Cape, with more than 300,000 of these in the City of Cape Town. It is therefore necessary that national water infrastructure investments and policies be directed towards prioritising rural provinces and areas to avoid geospatial disparities in infrastructure delivery. It is a big task. Statistical release: Mid-year population estimates. The principle entails that those who are worst off should be reached first . A 10-year plan to address the estimated backlog of adequate water to supply 1,4 m households and 2,1 m households to basic sanitation. Maintaining positive momentum is a responsibility that falls on the shoulders of Ramokgopa. BM. 9. In addition to provincial disparities in infrastructure delivery, the data reveal a further dimension. Infrastructure Development. STATISTICAL RELEASE P0318 General Household Survey 2018. Leaving no one behind: AUNSDG operational guide for UN country Teams. There is no limit to the projects that need financing, but for the time being the focus will be on SA’s network industries – water, energy, ports and rail, roads and internet connectivity. 7. A Social Approach to Addressing Water and Sanitation Infrastructure Backlog A Case of A Rural Municipality in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa Masibulele Fiko, Walter Sisulu University Sanjay Balkara, Walter Sisulu University As the 14th longest in the world, South Africa's rail infrastructure includes an extensive railroad network, connecting its Ports not only with destinations within the country, but also with the whole of Sub-Saharan Africa. UNICEF (2016). 6. It is an important victory that almost every school in South Africa has some access to water and electricity supply! Bio Med. National Treasury has outlined how R7 billion will be removed from allocations like local government and municipal infrastructure grants among others as the President Cyril Ramaphosa administration seeks to reduce national debt.. Report number: P0302. It is easy to dismiss this as another of Ramaphosa’s infamous talk shops. Where are Asterix and Obelix when you need them? For South Africa to overcome the current national water infrastructure backlog, it is imperative that infrastructure investment and delivery outpace current and projected national population growth. 2. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/wsa.v39i2.16. Women around the world spend collective 200 million hours a day collecting water . This included discussion on the urgent reforms identified by the government as prerequisites for reviving infrastructure investment which has slowed abysmally over the past decade. THE 2019 WATER INFRASTRUCTURE BACKLOG DATA. It is some of the most elaborate and complex in the world. “This is the beginning of a process. Fetching Water in Rural and Urban Areas and the Implications for Water Security. The problem is the state does not have the funds, nor the means to do so. The network includes 21 000 km of railroads of which 1500 km are designated for heavy haulage and of which a total of 8 200 km has been electrified. UN (2019). South Africa’s legislation governing infrastructure management compounds the problems. It inspires confidence. It is estimated that about 27% of the water which Rand Water sells to municipalities leaks away. 1-10. The LNOB principle and concomitant commitment to it would ensure a more equitable investment in water infrastructure investment and delivery by 2030. Rating agency Moody’s projects economic growth of 0.7% for 2020, a paltry figure that will inevitably lead to higher levels of unemployment and greater social inequality. The circles above the 90th percentile whisker represent conditions in the outliers. Rural areas may comprise one or more of the following: tribal (or traditional or communal) areas, commercial farms and informal settlements . There is a backlog of sufficient planned new bulk water infrastructure projects in South Africa which could potentially provide increased opportunities for engineering consultants, such as AECOM, to become involved in more infrastructure development, says AECOM water business line director Werner Comrie. The Eastern Cape is said to be the worst affected province as it will require over a R120 billion to address water infrastructure and bulk water supply to its total populace. The result has been reduction of the water infrastructure backlog by 27.57% (based on population as a unit of measure) over the past 25 years (Figure 2). 15: 394. Please sign in or register to enable this feature. SA’s R416bn road maintenance backlog Construction of affordable housing will ultimately grind to a halt without infrastructure. UNESCO-IHE (2019). By Nhlanhla Mnisi, Researcher, Helen Suzman Foundation. Domestic water carrying and its implications for health: a review and mixed methods pilot study in Limpopo Province, South Africa. Priority will also be given to agri-projects as well as those involving human settlement. 8. Water infrastructure delivery also varies across provinces. 2. This is out of line with global development principles. Reducing diarrhoea deaths in South Africa: costs and effects of scaling up essential interventions to prevent and treat diarrhoea in under five children. Geere J.&Cortobius, M (2017). 10. The South African Institution of Civil Engineering's 2017 Infrastructure Report Card scored national roads a " B " (fit for the future), paved metropolitan roads a " C " … But Chris Campbell, CEO of Consulting Engineers SA, who presumably would be instrumental in plans going forward, is cautiously optimistic. It is groundbreaking to have all of these funding agencies and government and ourselves in one room. 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