The North American porcupine can live for 23 years, while South America's prehensile-tailed porcupine can go four years longer. Old World X and New World X are usually not considered closely related. Dasyproctidae | This is the classification of the North American porcupine, according to Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS):Kingdom: Animalia Subkingdom: Bilateria Infrakingdom: Deuterostomia Phylum: Chordata Subphylum: Vertebrata Infraphylum: Gnathostomata Superclass: Tetrapoda Class: Mammalia Subclass… New World porcupines include four to five genera in three groups. Anomaluridae | General (12 matching dictionaries) New World porcupine: Dictionary/thesaurus [home, info] Porcupines are generally solitary, although they may share a winter den (Mertz 2004). New World porcupine. The North American range runs from northern Canada and Alaska to the Appalachian Mountains and Northern Mexico. The most characteristic feature are the sharp quills (actually modified guard hairs), which cover much of their dorsal (back) surface, from the head to the tail, although a few species are naked on a portion of their tail (such as Coendou prehensilis and Sphiggurus mexicanus, both species with prehensile tails used in climbing) (Mertz 2004). †Chapattimyidae | New World porcupines (Erethizontidae). Species like Sphiggurus mexicanus and Coendouprehensilis have long and powerful prehensile tails, which help them balance when they are in the tree tops. †Reithroparamyidae | Most species of New World porcupines occur in South America (Mertz 2004). The New World porcupines, or Erethizontidae, are large arboreal rodents, distinguished by the spiny covering from which they take their name. †Protoptychidae | It has hairless soles on its feet that help it climb trees. Old World porcupines (Hystricidae). I assume this is because (at least partially) they evolved separately long enough to be distinct, if they were even related (at a non-trivial level) to begin with. Cricetidae | Porcupines are nocturnal and live alone or in pairs. The prehensile-tailed porcupine, a relatively small species, is approximately 30 cm long and its weight is only 900 gm. The scientific name of the species depends on whether it belongs to the Old World porcupines of the Hystricidae family, or the New World porcupines which are a part of the Erethizontidae family.. This family requires additional research before its placement is clear. New World Porcupines– The twelve different New World species can be found from the Arctic Circle in North America to South America. 2004. †Myophiomyidae | Nesomyidae | Antonyms for New World porcupine. †Sciuravidae | The porcupine is a rodent. The word porcupine is a derivative of the Middle French word porc d’espine, meaning “thorny pig.” Middle English variants include "porcupyne" and "porcapyne." In the Americas the porcupine family has around nineteen species. Bicolor-spined Porcupine - Coendou bicolor Similar to their cousins, they are stocky and rounded in build but they differ for their complete upper lips and rooted molars. Some species also eat insects and small reptiles (Macdonald 2006). Porcupines do not shoot their quills, if an attacking animals gets to close to a porcupine, the quills can embed themselves into the attacking animal. E. rufescens is the only extant representative of Echinoprocta. Pages 365 to 375 in B. Grzimek et al.. Chinchillidae | Coendou has about 11 species, with three new species described since 1992, including two (Coendou ichillus and Coendou roosmalenorum) described as new species in 2001 (Mertz 2004). If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status. It is a native of the greater part of Canada and the United States. Echinoprocta They have long spiny barbed hairs or quills. They live in the Americas, with most species in South America, but also species in Central and North America (Mertz 2004). †Diamantomyidae | Old World vulture vs. New World vulture. As rodents, both groups have incisor teeth that grow continuously throughout their lives and must be kept worn down by gnawing. US Status Key Ctenomyidae | Unlike Old World porcupines, the family of New World porcupines has their quills mixed with their long and soft hairs. There are 29 species world-wide, but only one, the North American porcupine ( Erethizon dorsatum ), lives in this country. The quills, which are interspersed with coarse hair, can detach from the skin easily when touched and become embedded in a potential predator. In two years the young porcupine becomes sexually mature. On this page you can find 20 images of collection - New World Porcupine coloring, also you can find similar varinats in other categories, use search form. The first group is represented by the North American Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum), a stout, heavily built animal, with long hairs almost hiding its spines, four front- and five hind-toes, and a short, stumpy tail. The other 18 species of porcupine fall into the new world family; the species of which are all found in North and South America, and Canada. Bathyergidae | They vary in size from the relatively small prehensile-tailed porcupines, which are around 30 centimeters (11.8 inches) long, and weigh about 900 grams (2 pounds), to the much larger North American porcupine, which has a body length of 86 centimeters (33.8 inches), and weighs up to 18 kilograms (39.6 pounds)(Macdonald 1984). Definition of new world porcupine in the Definitions.net dictionary. Chordata. †Tsaganomyidae | Despite their quills, porcupines are targets of such predators as the fisher or North American marten (Martes pennanti), bobcats, mountain lions, great horned owls, and coyote. †Heptaxodontidae, Prehistoric rodents (incertae sedis): Status taken from ICUN Redlist. Download now for free this hedgehog porcupine erinaceidae new world porcupine domesticated hedgehog transparent PNG image with no background. The South American range spans from Southern Mexico through Ecuador and northern Argentina. They wear a coat of sharp quills all over their body. Although the quills cannot be launched, they are easily detached and can impale an attacker, with the barb lodging in the attacker's body (Mertz 2004). Calomyscidae | Sciuridae | The second group includes the three genera of Coendou, Sphiggurus, and Echinoprocta and contains about 14 to 17 species, depending on the taxonomic scheme. This animal is often considered a member of the Echimyidae on the basis of its premolars. Porcupines are rodents with an interesting way to protect themselves from predators. Zapodidae | Heteromyidae | in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. Dinomyidae | The most recognizable feature of the porcupine is its quills. †Kenyamyidae | Diatomyidae | †Ivanantoniidae | New World porcupines are primarily forest animals, found in deciduous and coniferous woods and rainforests (Mertz 2004). A New World porcupine, Erethizon dorsatum. It has a round body, small ears and a small head. †Bathyergoididae | Rodents lack canines and first premolars, which creates a space between their incisors and their grinding teeth. Muridae, Anomaluromorpha: What does new world porcupine mean? Porcupines are members of the rodent family that are covered in sharp, defensive spines. Erethizon Some species live in trees and others live in burrows or dens in the ground. Santa Marta Porcupine - Coendou sanctamartae There is hystricidae, or Old World Porcupines, and Erethizontidae, the New World Porcupines.. At birth the large (500 g) young porcupine has long thick black hair and short soft spines. E. dorsatum is the only extant member of its genus. Other articles where New World porcupine is discussed: porcupine: …embedded in clusters, whereas in New World porcupines (Erethizontidae) single quills are interspersed with bristles, underfur, and hair. †Neoepiblemidae | New World porcupine (plural New World porcupines) Any of the large, arboreal, spiny-furred rodents of the family Erethizontidae, native to forests and wooded regions of North America and northern South America. A porcupine may have as many as 30,000 quills. Use it in your personal projects or share it as a cool sticker on WhatsApp, Tik Tok, Instagram, Facebook Messenger, Wechat, Twitter or in other messaging apps. The quills are hairs with barbed tips on the ends. Aplodontiidae | †Phiomyidae | Castoridae | The northernmost species is Erethizon dorsatum found in most of Canada and Alaska except the far north regions, and down to the northern edge of central Mexico, including most of the western half of the United States and the northeastern and north-central states (Mertz 2004). †Tamquammyidae | New World porcupines include four to five genera in three groups. †Rhizospalacidae | No porcupine can throw its quills, but they detach easily and will remain embedded in an attacker. Old World rats and mice vs. New World rats and mice. Sciuromorpha: Synonyms for Neotropical porcupine in Free Thesaurus. Andean Porcupine - Coendou quichua This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3.0 License (CC-by-sa), which may be used and disseminated with proper attribution. Some porcupines inhabit rocky regions up to 3,500 metres (11,000 feet) high. Many species of New World porcupines are arboreal, unlike the terrestrial Old World porcupines. †Laredomyidae | In ten days it is weaned and capable of climbing trees. †Parapedetidae | New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article Both are covered with a total of 30,000 or more hollow quills. What are synonyms for Neotropical porcupine? Chaetomys. They inhabit forests and wooded regions across North America, and into northern South America. The second group includes the three genera of Coendou, Sphiggurus, and Echinoprocta and contains about 14 to 17 speci… The North American porcupine is found in Canada, Mexico, and the United States. New World porcupines range from Canada and Alaska in North America to northern Argentina and Uruguay in South America (Mertz 2004). Solitary offspring (or, rarely, twins) are born fully developed, with open eyes, and are able to climb trees within a few days of birth (Macdonald 1984). Wikipedia . Both are characterized by heavy bodies with some areas covered with long quills or spines (modified hairs). Although both Old World and New World porcupines exist, the New World family Erethizontidae is actually more closely related to pacas, agoutis, and other cavy-like rodents than to the Old World porcupine family Hystricidae. They are fed by the mother for two to three months, and generally reach adult size in about a year, and sexual maturity at 1.5 to 2.5 years of age (Mertz 2004). Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. The animal's quills or spines take on various forms, depending on the species, but all are modified hairs coated with thick plates of keratin, and are embedded in the skin musculature. They do not shoot their quills, if an attacking animals gets too close to a porcupine, the quills can embed themselves into the attacking animal. Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes Pages 351 to 364 in B. Grzimek et al.. Mertz, L. A. Two taxonomic families of rodents share the common name of porcupines, Erethizontidae, or New World porcupines, and the Hystricidae, or Old World porcupines. New World Porcupines – Erethizontidae. Apart from appearance, however, the two porcupine families are quite different, including the fact that the spines of the Old World porcupines lack the barbules characteristic of the New World porcupines. They range in size from 17-32 inches in length. We found 13 dictionaries with English definitions that include the word new world porcupine: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "new world porcupine" is defined. New World porcupines are characteristically arboreal (adapted to life in trees), whereas the Old World porcupines are usually terrestrial and normally do not climb trees (Atkins 2004; Mertz 2004). However, in some taxonomic schemes certain of the 11 Coendou species are instead classified in the Spiggurus genus and others identified as the same species as one listed in Spiggurus (Mertz 2004). New World porcupines live in North, Central, and South America; some examples are the Canadian porcupine, Mexican hairy dwarf porcupine, and Brazilian porcupine. Due to their tree climbing, new world porcupines have long prehensile tails. Gliridae, Castorimorpha: Antonyms for Neotropical porcupine. Holonyms ("New World porcupine" is a member of...): Erethizontidae; family Erethizontidae (New World arboreal porcupines) The incisors have enamel on the outside and exposed dentine on the inside, so they self-sharpen during gnawing. Erethizontidae | †Mojavemyidae | †Anomalomyidae | Ctenodactylidae | E. dorsatumis the only extant member of its genus. †Cocomyidae | †Simimyidae | 6 words related to New World porcupine: hedgehog, porcupine, Erethizontidae, family Erethizontidae, Canada porcupine, Erethizon dorsatum. Different species can be found in souther… The following are species as identified by Mertz (2004); however, other taxonomic schemes place many of the species of Coendou in the Sphiggurus genus, and S. mexicanus as C. mexicanus. The common name "porcupine" comes from a Latin phrase that means "quill pig." Least Concern Near Threatened Vulnerable Endangered Critically Endangered Extinct Wild Extinct Porcupines can also be found living in rock crevices, hollow logs and small caves. They have relatively small eyes, and small and round ears, with the ears almost covered by hair (Mertz 2004). English Wikipedia has an article on: New World porcupine. There are 11 species, in three genera, of Old World porcupines in the Hystricidae family. Mertz (2004) notes that, while the reproductive biology of many erethiontids is poorly known, it appears that female porcupines generally are either pregnant or lactating for most of their life. Roosmalen's porcupine is found in Brazil. Hystricidae | Capromyidae | †Zegdoumyidae | Their bo… The New World porcupines are in family Erethizontidae and the Old World porcupines are in family Hystricidae. Their teeth are similar to those of Old World porcupines, with the dental formula: (1 incisor, 0 canines, 1 pre-molar, and 3 molars on each side of the upper mouth). Petromuridae | Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "New World porcupine"): Canada porcupine; Erethizon dorsatum (porcupine of northeastern North America with barbed spines concealed in the coarse fur; often gnaws buildings for salt and grease). For humans, New World porcupines add to the wonder of nature with their unique morphology and behavior. … Genus Chaetomys is distinguished by the shape of its skull and the greater complexity of its teeth. Cuniculidae | Another difference lies in their size. Until that work is completed, however, this chapter will use the following classification of genera and species: 1. New World porcupine is the common name for any of the large, stocky, largely arboreal and nocturnal rodents comprising the family Erethizontidae, characterized by a spiny covering of sharp, barbed quills. Pedetidae, Hystricomorpha: However, they are less strictly nocturnal than Old World species in their habits, and while some types live entirely in trees, or spend days sleeping in trees, others have dens on the ground. †Heliscomyidae | Old World Porcupines– The eleven different Old World species can be found across Africa, Asia, and parts of Europe. They have good hearing, but poor eyesight. 3. subspinosus(this species was thought to be extinct until it was rediscovered in 1986) 2. †Eomyidae | They range in size from 17-32 inches in length. Threatened in US Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in NH Introduced Spalacidae | Tag: new world porcupine. All porcupines are nocturnal and quite adaptable, found in a variety of habitats, as long as there is vegetation. Myocastoridae | Gestation is commonly around 200 days and soon after giving birth, the female mates again. World Status Key Rothschild's Porcupine - Coendou rothschildi Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes. In addition to the character of the barbs, New World porcupines are morphologically distinguished from the Old World porcupines in that they have rooted molars, complete collar-bones, entire upper lips, tuberculated (padded) soles, no trace of a first front-toe, and four teats. Its incisor teeth ar already present, and its eyes and ears are open and functional at birth. Noun 1. Stump-tailed Porcupine - Echinoprocta rufescens They are nocturnal and live alone or in pairs. Porcupine. Porcupines are found in a variety of habitats including coniferous and deciduous forests, mountains, grasslands, and deserts. Although the habits of many New World porcupines are unknown, erethizontids are presumably all arboreal and nocturnal (Mertz 2004). The porcupine is any of 58 species of large, quill-coated rodents in the families Erethizontidae and Hystricidae. Information and translations of new world porcupine in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. To clarify the list of pictures that you see: Use the filter on top. North American Porcupine - Erethizon dorsatum, North American Porcupine - Erethizon dorsatum †Armintomidae | To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats.The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here: The history of this article since it was imported to New World Encyclopedia: Note: Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed. Roosmalen's Porcupine - Sphiggurus roosmalenorum Porcupine Profile. The spines or quills of all the New World porcupines are barbed, unlike the barb-less quills and spines of the Old World porcupines (Atkins 2004). †"Baluchimyinae" | Any lost quills are quickly replaced on the porcupine’s body. †Yuomyidae | Caviidae | Erethizontids are important part of terrestrial food chains, eating seeds, fruits, bark, and other vegetation and, despite their quills, serving as prey for such animals as the fisher (Martes pennanti; a particularly adept predator), mountain lion, great-horned owl, and bobcat. Unlike the old world porcupines, the new world porcupines have adapted to tree climbing (Although they are not the most agile climbers, they get it done. It is a native of the greater part of Canada and the United States. Atkins, W. A. †Eurymylidae | While some spcies in this family eat insects, amphibians, and reptiles, most species are herbivores and eat seeds, fruit, nuts, leaves, and other plant parts. New World porcupines share their appearance of a spiny covering with Old World porcupines (family Hystricidae) and both belong to the Hystricognathi branch of the vast order Rodentia. New World porcupines (family Erethizontidae) The North American porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum) is the largest species in the family, usually weighing less than 7 kg (15.4 pounds) though males occasionally grow significantly larger.Its body is up to 80 cm (31 inches) long, with a tail up to 30 cm. Both families have distinct locations. Abrocomidae | They are of a lighter build than E. dorsatum with short, close, many-colored spines, often mixed with hairs. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'newworldencyclopedia_org-medrectangle-4','ezslot_2',162,'0','0'])); New World porcupines are stout animals, with blunt rounded heads, fleshy mobile snouts, and coats of thick cylindrical or flattened spines. 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