If the deer feels extremely threatened, however, it may charge the person or predator causing the threat, using its antlers or, if none are present, its head to fight off the threat. Since speed is very essential for them to escape dangers they are faced with, they run very , Throughout the year, deer rub-urinate, a process during which a deer squats while urinating so urine will run down the insides of the deer's legs, over the tarsal glands, and onto the hair covering these glands. Deer farms and preserves will selectively breed deer based on the size of their antlers (known as culling). 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Because of the decline in numbers of natural predators such as wolves, cougars, bear, bobcat, and coyotes, and the ever rising opposition of anti-hunting groups, whitetail deer have not only become a nuisance, but they have become destructive and dangerous. This included whitetail, elk, moose, and caribou. If you own your own land, or have access to a willing friend’s, then you can definitely make the best of things. Whitetail deer can sprint at speeds of 30 miles per hour.  The predicted change in deer populations due to climate change were expected to increase by 40% between 1970 and 1980.  Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the country and is found in twelve states in Eastern America. This is their normal speed in woods or other cover. It is also possible that the increasing white-tailed deer populations could result in them becoming an invasive species for various plants in Alberta, Canada.  In some areas, American black bears are also significant predators. Length and branching of antlers are determined by nutrition, age, and genetics. How to hunt whitetail deer. The white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the whitetail or Virginia deer, is a medium-sized deer native to North America, Central America, Ecuador, and South America as far south as Peru and Bolivia. Several local deer populations, especially in the southern states, are descended from white-tailed deer transplanted from various localities east of the Continental Divide. High-density deer populations possibly could browse eastern hemlock seedlings out of existence in northern hardwood forests; however, this scenario seems unlikely, given that deer browsing is not considered the critical factor preventing hemlock re-establishment at large scales. White-tailed deer have many forms of communication involving sounds, scent, body language, and marking. In 1884, one of the first hunts of white-tailed deer in Europe was conducted in Opočno and Dobříš (Brdy Mountains area), in what is now the Czech Republic. Populations of Arizona (O. v. couesi) and Carmen Mountains (O. v. carminis) white-tailed deer inhabit montane mixed oak and pine woodland communities. After about a month, the fawns are then able to follow their mothers on foraging trips. Often occurring in patterns known as scrape lines, scrapes are areas where a buck has used his front hooves to expose bare earth. A fully grown white-tailed deer is known to have a top speed of 30 miles per hour. The introduction was successful, and the deer have recently begun spreading through northern Scandinavia and southern Karelia, competing with, and sometimes displacing, native species. 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